Basic Concepts » Items

Basic Concepts


An abstraction about data extracted from web documents.

Items represent data that was extracted from documents. They are simple abstraction around PHP arrays that are more comfortable to work with than plain arrays.

Using Items

Since an Item is just a simple wrapper around a plain PHP array, it has a rather straight-forward API.

use RoachPHP\Support\DroppableInterface;
interface ItemInterface extends DroppableInterface, ArrayAccess
     * Returns the underlying data array.
    public function all(): array;
     * Set a value on the item for the provided `$key`.
    public function set(string $key, mixed $value): self;
     * Retrieve the value for `$key` or return `$default` instead.
    public function get(string $key, mixed $default = null): mixed;
     * Checks if `$key` exists on the item. Note that this checks
     * if `$key` exists on the underlying data array, not if the
     * value is truthy.
    public function has(string $key): bool;

Most of the time, you won’t directly create instances of an Item, but use the spider’s item() method instead. When writing ItemProcessors, however, this is the interface you will be dealing with.